Inclusive education in the 21st century: Parameters and opportunities for learners with special needs

This paper examined parameters and opportunities for learners with special educational needs in an effective inclusive education as it relates to 21 st century. It differentiated inclusive education from mainstreaming and integration and went further give a comprehensive meaning to the term inclusive education. Some of the benefits of this inclusive education are multicultural learning environment, socialization and the development of the child. Parameters identified for effective inclusive education are placing the child in age appropriate grade place, no special classes or schools and cooperative learning practiced where teachers can share ideas for improvement of the educational system. Conclusion was made on the need for inclusive education.

Autism Spectrum Disorder


The name spectrum is basically because the effect on two different individuals is not the same in different ways. The implication is that the symptom is not the same for two people. It is a disorder that is misunderstood by many professionals in different fields.

The disorder can be diagnosed among various categories of learners including persons with learning abilities, gifted to those who are severally challenged. People with this disorder may respond to sound in a funny way either by moving away from or close to the source of the sound, shouting, stamping their feet.

it has to do with the way the brain is wired and is often misunderstood by parents due to the different ways it is expressed such as social, communication and behavioural challenges. Types of autism disorder are Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disabilities but now known as Autism Spectrum Disorder.

One major challenge children with Autism Spectrum Disorder faced is finding educational institutions that will accept them the way they are. The disorder causes limitations in social, cognitive functioning and emotional relationship of an individual.

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